THE OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE BOYS ORGANIZATION

WELCOME TO THE OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE BOYS ORGANIZATION

BREAKING NEWS!

10-7-14 - Exhumation of an EMPTY casket!  Click HERE for news! 

9-25-14 - NEWS & PHOTOS OF THE USF PRESS CONFERENCE RE DNA IDENTIFICATION OF 2 MORE  BOYS ... Click HERE


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The latest news regarding Dozier Reform School Archaelogical dig by USF Anthropology &
DNA identification by UNT is all here!  
 The first body has been identified!
CLICK HERE TO READ ALL THE NEWS! 
Dozier Reform School was formerly known as Florida School for Boys(FSB) and Florida Industrial School for Boys (FISB)
Posted August 7 - Aug 11, 2014

CLICK HERE also to read the ORIGINAL ACCOUNT of the local newspaper, JC Floridan, about the death of George Owen Smitih.  NOTE:  In the USF article, they show a letter the family received saying their son had a "proper Christian burial".  You decide! 
IMPORTANT ARTICLE ABOUT USF PROGRESS!  This article sets the record straight about the USF project at Dozier... CLICK HERE to read! 
WHITE HOUSE BOYS SONG RECORDED BY OUR OWN, JERRY COOPER!  
Video:


President of The Official White House Boys Organization, Jerry Cooper, has just recorded a song about the White House Boys and the atrocities that occurred at The Florida School for Boys and Okeechobee School for Boys.  Cooper states, " I did these songs for all who have been a part in one the most horrific stories of child abuse in American History. I will not accept any compensation for the "White House Boys" song in any way" and he also  adds that he has no plans to go back to his career in country music.  To read the entire story and listen to the Public Service Announcement, as well as read the story about the song written by Kevin Wood and published in Bay Community News: , CLICK HERE.

Click the radio buttons below to hear "The White House Boys" song, as well as its flip-side "Welcome to My World", which he dedicated to his lovely wife, Babbs.  

"The White House Boys"
Written By:
Billy Joe Burnette-Bobby Lewis-Jan Woods
Publishing-Bobby and Patrica Music
BMI

"The White House Boys"


"Welcome to My World"



Nashville Country Legends Join Fight In New Song “The Whitehouse Boys” to Remember The Deaths and Torture of, and Seek Justice for, the Abused Children of the Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida.
OKEECHOBEE UPDATE!

URGENT!  Before you read the news about Okeechobee, this is very important...   Re:  Juvenile records for confinement at Okeechobee School for Boys!
Anyone who attended Okeechobee School for Boys in the 1950s or 1960s, PLEASE CONTACT JERRY COOPER URGENTLY!  We need your name, date of birth, approximate time you were at Okeechobee URGENTLY.  There is presently an investigation to find those records, so you must send your info immediately.  Either call Jerry at 239-994-1280  or 239-542-3831 or email him 
HERE with your information!  Read on to see how this has come to pass......

Our President, and White House Boy, Jerry Cooper, and White House Boys Pastor Johnny Marx and Joe Johnson went to Okeechobee on Monday, May 19, 2014 for a meeting with Sheriff Paul May and 4 Investigators to discuss abuses, atrocities and deaths (including Cherry Hill and Patrick Timothy Gabriel, as well as others) that took place at Okeechobee School for Boys during the time period that similar atrocities were taking place at Florida School for Boys in Marianna, aka "Dozier".   The meeting lasted several hours, and  the Sheriff and other officials present stated that they would perform a full and complete investigation into any and all allegations.  In addition, the officials have promised that they will look into the matter of the "missing journals and records" from the Okeechobee reform school from that same time frame.  

After their meeting, the three men headed to WSVN Fox News Channel 7 in Miami for interviews. which will be aired at a later date. 
PHOTOS FROM THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR THE SURVIVORS & LOST BOYS FROM FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS :(aka DOZIER) ARE IN. 
Click HERE to view.   To Read the speech that was written by Mike Sapp and read at the by Jerry Cooper, click HERE.  To read another beautiful and touching essay that was NOT read (due to time constraints), Click HERE
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NEWS CHANNEL 13 COVERAGE OF THE MEMORIAL SERVICE & NEWS ABOUT PROFESSOR KIMMERLE'S MEETING WITH SENATOR BILL NELSON ARE HERE.
White House Boys visit Football Coach, Vic Prinzi's son, Pete Prinzi.  CLICK HERE for photo and story.  
CADAVER DOGS FINDING AREAS TO BE TESTED BY USF.  CLICK HERE FOR MORE.

LOTS OF NEWS
ABOUT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS / EXHUMATION OF DOZIER GRAVES - USF ANTHROPOLOGISTS HELD A PRESS CONFERENCE JANUARY 28, 2014.  READ THE TAMPA BAY TIMES ARTICLE BELOW, OR CLICK HERE FOR ALL THE RECENT  NEWS!


USF researchers unearthed 55 bodies from Dozier, more than state claimed

TAMPA — Researchers from the University of South Florida said this morning they have exhumed the remains of 55 boys who died at a scandalized state-run reform school in the Panhandle town of Marianna.

That's 24 more than the 31 the Florida Department of Law Enforcement found during a cursory investigation in 2009 on orders from then-Gov. Charlie Crist. FDLE relied on incomplete school records and did not use ground-penetrating radar to map the cemetery.

The number even exceeds USF's earlier prediction of 49, which was based on ground-penetrating radar.

Among the unidentified remains — many of which appear to have been buried unceremoniously, somewhat haphazardly and at varying depths — anthropologists found artifacts they hope to date and compare to school records to help determine the identities of the boys buried.

They found belt buckles, zippers, coffin hardware, shirt buttons, bottles of embalming fluid and a child's marble. They hope DNA from the families of those known to have died at the school will also shed light on the identities of the remains. USF has collected DNA from about a dozen families and hope to track down more relatives of the dead.

The team, led by USF associate professor Erin Kimmerle, who has called the project a "humanitarian effort," began work in early 2012. Excavation, which is tedious, didn't begin until August, after the university cleared several political hurdles and won approval from Gov. Rick Scott and the Cabinet.

The state closed the facility in June 2011 after a century-long cycle of scandal and short-lived reform. The school, 60 miles west of Tallahassee, was founded in 1900 and was once the largest of its kind in the nation. It has been known as the Florida Industrial School for Boys, the Florida School for Boys and the Dozier School for Boys. Over the years, kids were locked in irons, beaten with a leather strap in a building called the White House, locked in isolation for as long as three weeks and hog-tied. The school has been subject to lawsuits and scrutiny, but no one has been able to answer the questions about the cemetery, which is now surrounded by pines on an abandoned part of campus.

In October 2008, five former wards went public with stories of extreme physical and sexual abuse at the hands of guards, and some recalled stories of their fellow wards disappearing. The state launched an investigation into the allegations, and into the small cemetery, but investigators felt ground penetrating radar wouldn't be helpful because of the heavy woods in the area.

However, USF cleared woods surrounding the marked cemetery and found more burials among the trees. In one case, a tree was growing atop a burial.

More than 500 men have come forward with similar stories of being abused by staff at the school, according to a lawyer with Masterson & Hoag, the St. Petersburg firm representing the men. 

USF researchers unearthed 55 bodies from Dozier, more than state claimed 01/28/14 [Last modified: Tuesday, January 28, 2014 10:55am]

*To read this story WITH photos, click HERE

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Read the following comment from Michael (Chin) Tucker from our Guestbook:

1-16-14
I have watched, along with myself, men stand and cry when talking about what happened to them at the boy's school. I realized one day that it is not the adult but that same child who keeps going back and feeling the pain and shame. I have spent most of my life trying to heal that child. Still working on it ! I have watched wonders happen at our reunions. That child you bring with you has a voice that is heard and believed there. I encourage all the W.H. brothers to keep coming. W.H.B. Brother

PLEASE FEEL FREE TO LEAVE YOUR OWN  COMMENT OR READ OTHER'S GUESTBOOK COMMENTS HERE

IF YOU HAVE NOT SIGNED UP WITH THE NEW ATTORNEYS, YOU MUST CONTACT THEM IN ORDER TO BE INCLUDED IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.  HERE IS THE CONTACT INFO FOR OUR ATTORNEYS:

Holland & Knight LLF
Joseph H. Varner, lll
100 North Tampa Street. Suite 4100
Tampa, FL 33602
 T 813 227.8500 
F 813.229.0134
www.hklaw.com
Joseph H. Varner III
(813) 227.6703
joevarner@hklaw.com 

AND

Gregory J. Hoag, Esq.
Masterson Law Group, P.A
.
699 First Avenue North
St. Petersburg, FL 33701
727-896-3641 (phone)
727-895-3559 (fax)
email: ghoag@mastersonlaw.com

WHITE HOUSE BOYS IN THE NEWS AGAIN click the following words:

'White House Boy' claims startling find: MyFoxTAMPABAY.com

SEE OTHER VIDEOS AND NEWS ARTICLES RELATING TO THIS TOPIC, RELEASED ON 12-27-11, BY CLICKING HERE.
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URGENT!  
INFO NEEDED!


TO ALL WHITE HOUSE BOYS WHO WERE SEXUALLY ABUSED AT FSB:

As you know we are constantly searching for evidence of abuse at the Dozier/Florida School For Boys. We have some victims that were raped or molested by the staff at Dozier. I know this is a very private issue but our silence of what happened to us only works to their advantage. We are asking anyone that suffered sexual abuse by the staff to come forward. This will be confidential if that is what you want. This information will only be shared with the staff at University of South Florida that is working on the case. Please email or call Dr Erin Kimmerle at contact information below.

Dr Erin Kimmerle:

813 974-2138 direct contact
813 974-2668 FAX
e-mail: erinhkimmerle@gmail.com
2014 REUNION PHOTOS ARE HERE!
See below!  All are "click to enlarge" and you can view additional photos by clicking page numbers at bottom!  

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URGENT!  TO ANYONE WHO ATTENDED FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS IN OKEECHOBEE!!!

To all Okeechobee Men,
I have just received an inquiry from Capt. John Rhoden in Okeechobee and he wants to know if any of you remembers a boy called Tiny??? It appears he was a very large boy and some even considered him as a Bully. Please reply as soon as possible to me if you know who this is. Thank You Very Much!!! Jerry Cooper 
PLEASE ALLOW TIME FOR PAGE TO LOAD, IT IS TEXT AND PHOTO INTENSIVE, AND MAY TAKE TIME!

WELCOME TO THE OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE BOYS ORGANIZATION WEBSITE!
 The following is a list of Quick Links, and Information that summarizes the plight of the White House Boys to seek truth and justice regarding the atrocities that took place at The Florida School for Boys for over 100 years.  In addition to the summary below, please use the menu buttons at the top of each page to help you navigate the enormous wealth of information on this website.

CONTACT INFO:   
President:  Jerry Cooper 239-542-3831 or 239-994-1280 *OR* email  
theofficialwhitehouseboys@gmail.com


QUICK LINKS TO IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND THE WHITE HOUSE BOYS:  

  • THE MOST RECENT NEWS IS HERE
  • INFO ON THE UNMARKED GRAVES AT DOZIER IS HERE
  • INFO FROM THE LAWYERS, AND HOW TO FIND YOUR RECORDS IF YOU WERE AT FSB IS HERE
  • OKEECHOBEE MEN, SEND YOUR REQUEST FOR RECORDS VIA EMAIL HERE (Include Full Name, Date of Birth, Approximate Years, County you were sent from)
  • *OTHER* NEWS ABOUT THE DJJ OR THE WHITE HOUSE BOYS (other than info on excavation of unmarked and shallow graves  CLICK HERE.
  • FOR SOME VIDEOS ABOUT THE GRAVES, CLICK HERE
  • OTHER VIDEOS ABOUT THE WHITE HOUSE BOYS CLICK HERE
  • TO READ A 1958 REPORT IN THE PALM BEACH POST ABOUT THE BEATINGS AT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS IN MARIANNA, CLICK HERE

MORE IMPORTANT LINKS:

JUVENILE JUSTICE -
6 fired over teen’s death in lockup
 -CLICK HERE to read

IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS FOR YOU TO READ (CLICK ON THE TITLE OF THE ONE YOU WANT TO SEE - THEY TAKE A LITTLE TIME TO LOAD) :

FLORIDA SENATE CLAIMS BILL SB46

 (2012
 FLORIDA DEPT OF LAW ENFORCEMENT (FDLE) INVESTIGATIVE SUMMARY REPORT ON UNMARKED GRAVES

FDLE INVESTIGATIVE SUMMARY REPORT ON ABUSE AT DOZIER

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE LETTER TO FLORIDA'S GOVERNOR RICK SCOTT

FEDERAL DEPT OF JUSTICE INVESTIGATION OF DOZIER - DECEMBER, 2011  (.DOC)

FEDERAL DEPT OF JUSTIC INVESTIGATION OF DOZIER - DECEMBER, 2011 (.PDF)

Contact our government by phone, letter and email!
CONTACT OUR SENATORS! Find out how by clicking HERE - http://www.flsenate.gov/Senators/


CONTACT YOUR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES! 

http://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/Representatives/representatives.aspx

To read the CLAIMS BILL, click this link:

http://www.flsenate.gov/session/index.cfm?Mode=Bills&SubMenu=1&Tab=session&BI_Mode=ViewBillInfo&BillNum=0044&Chamber=Senate&Year=2011&Title=-%3EBill%2520Info%3AS%25200044-%3ESession%25202011
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PLEASE HELP USF ANTHROPOLOGISTS BY FILLING OUT A SURVEY THAT WILL HELP THEM DATE REMAINS FOUND AT FSB (DOZIER).  CLICK HERE
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TO ALL WHITE HOUSE BOYS:  This is YOUR website! Don't forget to send us your stories to: theofficialwhitehouseboys@gmail.com and we'll post it on MEN's STORIES  Please check the  PRAYER  page to see how your brothers and their families are doing.  Please don't forget to stop by the GUESTBOOK and read the comments or leave one yourself.  This is where many of the folks new to the White House Boys first contact us, so why not welcome some of the new members there?  Most importantly, keep up with the latest news by clicking HERE  Last, but not least, read ABOUT US which not only has important info & videos about us, but also has links to many of the books that the White House Boys have written. 
URGENT!!  A WHITE HOUSE BOY NEEDS YOUR HELP!  JEFFREY SAMPSON IS LOOKING FOR INFO ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO HIS BROTHER GREGORY SAMPSON AT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS IN 1965.  HERE IS A PRESS RELEASE WE PUT OUT TO HELP BROTHER JEFFEREY FIND ANSWERS... read this: http://prlog.org/12269789

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The White House Boys-A frightening truth emerges


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Be sure to also check out other pages of this website, such as the GUESTBOOK, NEWS AND EVENTS and PRAYER REQUESTS AND UPDATES as well as many other pages on this website. We also have MANY photos and articles directly from The Yellow Jacket Newspapers HERE.
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LAST OF DOZIER RESIDENTS MOVED. STORY
HERE.
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SEE THE LATEST ST. PETE TIMES ARTICLE
HERE.

CLICK *HERE* TO VIEW ASSOCIATED PRESS ARTICLE REVEALING MEDICAL EXPERIMENTATION ON THE DISABLED AND INCARCERATED FROM 1930s - 1970s. To view the full article, click HERE. If you had a similar experience at FSB or Okeechobee, please email us.

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JULY, 2011 - PICNIC AT FORT DESOTO PARK, SARASOTA, FL -  PHOTO ALBUM BELOW
ALL PHOTOS ARE "CLICK TO ENLARGE"
TURN PAGES BY CLICKING ON THE NUMBERS BELOW

URGENT!  
IMPORTANT NOTICE  TO ALL WHITE HOUSE BOYS 
On Aug 6, 2013, the Florida Cabinet agreed to let USF anthropologists continue their research & exhume the bodies in unmarked graves at Dozier.  Many of our men attended this meeting - including Acting President, Jerry Cooper and Sergeant at Arms, James "Harley" DeNyke 

 FOR THE LATEST NEWSCLICK HERE.  

The cabinet meeting of 8-6-12  re: Dozier Exhumation  is on the video below

click on this link:
http://thefloridachannel.org/video/8613-florida-cabinet-meeting/

WATCH A.G. PAM BONDI'S STATEMENT TO THE PRESS ABOUT DOZIER AFTER THE CABINET MEETING CLICK HERE: 


CLICK HERE, for the entire agenda for the Cabinet Meeting
CLICK HERE for the Board of Trustees Agenda regarding USF and exhumations at Dozier
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BREAKING NEWS!  SEE JERRY COOPER REVEAL MORE OF FLORIDA'S SECRETS BY CLICKING HERE  

YOU CAN HELP!
 Click HERE to see how YOU can make a difference (by calling & writing to our government) & help get closure for families of those young boys buried at Dozier!

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White House Boys –
Prayer for Healing and Unity

by: Pastors John and Frances Marx

Almighty Father, we lift up all the White House Boys and their families.

Our Father, you know the pain each one has endured and the injustices each one has suffered.

We thank you Father, that you have provided a means by which each one can receive healing, restoration and a peace that goes beyond understanding through your Son, Jesus Christ.

In Jesus’ Name, we pray Lord that you would send the Holy Spirit to minister to each one’s heart and mind.

We thank you Father for your amazing grace and pray that by the Power of the Holy Spirit, each one is empowered to receive and embrace your healing and peace.

Although during the time spent at Florida School for Boys, many were separated and divided because of race, we rejoice that you have made us one body in Christ.

We thank you Lord for the unity only You can bring to enable us to be one family, all brothers and sisters in Christ.

Amen
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NEWS 2-1-13 ABOUT USF & BILL NELSON RELATING TO DOZIER GRAVES. CLICK HERE                          ---------------------

WHITE HOUSE BOYS PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBIT on 1-8-13 BY EDMUND FOUNTAIN OF TAMPABAY TIMES -  CLICK HERE FOR INFO! --                  
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To go straight to News about the USF INVESTIGATION into Dozier Reform School (Florida School for Boys, Marianna, Florida) unmarked Graves,
click HERE-
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Read about our Christmas Project for the boys at Eckerd's Youth Academy.
..CLICK HERE.
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Our White House Boys Flag has been traveling to memorial services, thanks to Sergeant at Arms, Jim DeNyke "Harley". Read More HERE.
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We have a new addition to "Men's Stories", to read, CLICK HERE.
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BREAKING NEWS!

Bill Nelson, Senator, Wants Feds To Probe Florida Reform School

MARIANNA, Fla. — U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson wants the Justice Department to join an expanded search for graves and possible evidence of crimes at a defunct reform school in the Florida Panhandle. The Florida Democrat on Wednesday made the request in a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder.

University of South Florida anthropologists on Monday released a report indicating they had documented the deaths of two staffers and 96 children at the former Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna.  They also said they found 50 gravesites on the grounds. That's 19 more than the Florida Department of Law Enforcement identified in a prior investigation. FDLE, though, was unable to confirm or refute claims that school staffers had abused students decades ago.

The anthropologists believe additional research will turn up more gravesites. 


READ MORE ON THIS TOPIC, CLICK HERE

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Florida's Dozier School For Boys: A True Horror Story on NPR (National Public Radio) 10-15-12 CLICK HERE

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Researchers find more graves at Dozier than state said existed

By Ben Montgomery and Waveney Ann Moore,
Times Staff Writers
Tampa Bay Times Posted: Oct 11, 2012 06:51 PM  

For years, Richard Varnadoe has longed to know where the state buried his brother, Thomas, who died at 13, as a ward of Florida's oldest reform school in the Panhandle town of Marianna.

"I feel an obligation that the truth has to come out, what happened to him," said Varnadoe, 83. "I am the last hope . . . I'm the last sibling."

New evidence unearthed by researchers at the University of South Florida may shed light on where Thomas and dozens of other boys who died in state custody are buried. The team has identified at least 49 graves in and near the notorious school's known cemetery, north of the campus. That's 18 more than the Florida Department of Law Enforcement found during a 2009 investigation.

Researchers have also found "sufficient evidence" to conclude there's likely another clandestine cemetery on school property, in a patch of woods on the south side of campus, which had been reserved for white students during segregation.

Led by Erin Kimmerle, associate professor of anthropology at USF, the researchers petitioned the state to use ground penetrating radar to try to find the second cemetery and determine how many graves it contained. But the state denied the petition in August because it intended to sell 220 acres of the land at public auction. The school closed in 2011, after 111 years of operation.

The Department of Juvenile Justice reversed its ruling Thursday afternoon, a day after Thomas Varnadoe's nephew, Glen Varnadoe, filed a lawsuit to put a stop to the sale.

"After careful consideration, we will work with the researchers on how best to provide them access to the site," said DJJ Secretary Wansley Walters.

"It sounds very encouraging," said Glen Varnadoe. "I think if they let Dr. Kimmerle and her staff do the research on the ground, they will find what we're looking for."

Kimmerle suspected there was a second cemetery on the property when her team discovered no segregation between graves at the known cemetery, called Boot Hill. Until 1968, it was customary for cemeteries to have defined separate areas for the remains of whites and blacks.

Former wards of the state, and family members of those who died in custody, also told researchers they had seen a cemetery on the south side of campus. Among them was Ovell Krell, a former Lakeland police officer, who suspects her brother was killed by guards in 1940.

Krell said her family drove to Marianna to investigate her brother's reported disappearance from the school. By the time they arrived, they were shown a pile of dirt in a cemetery south of campus, which the superintendent identified as her brother's grave.

Researchers John Powell and Richard Weltz also matched an aerial photograph of a cemetery from a Jackson County historian to a spot on the south campus.

"It's too much evidence from too many sources to say it's nothing," Kimmerle said.

Since 2008, former wards, mostly from the 1950s and '60s, have spoken publicly about being abused at the school. Hundreds told of being hit with a leather strap until they bled in a small building called the White House. Some have reported that bunk-mates were taken to the White House for punishment and never returned.

Former Gov. Charlie Christ ordered an investigation in 2009 after news spread of a cemetery in a small clearing in the woods dotted by 31 white metal crosses. Relying heavily on the school's own records, FDLE determined that at least 81 boys died in custody, and that 29 boys and two men were buried at the cemetery.

USF's Kimmerle, along with archaeologist Richard Estabrook and a team of students, used ground-penetrating radar and other "ground truthing" techniques and determined that the actual cemetery extended 20 meters north of the marked site, into a heavily wooded area. And they found a minimum of 49 graves, which Kimmerle called a "conservative estimate."

"That's a minimum number," she said. "These are the ones that we are confident saying these are grave shafts."

Kimmerle said it's also possible that some graves may contain more than one child.

"This is the worst case of child abuse in American history," said Robert Straley, of Clearwater, who was abused at the school when he was 13. "They have an obligation to make that into a real cemetery, where the relatives of boys would be allowed to go in there and pay their respect and they should build a monument to all the boys who died and were never identified."

The Varnadoes hope someday to identify Thomas' remains, and to have them disinterred and reburied at the family's plot in Brooksville, beside his mother.

"Our interest in this is a 13-year-old child that never got to come home to his mother," Glen Varnadoe said. "Our interest is in bringing this child home so he can spend the rest of eternity with his family."

Ben Montgomery can be reached at bmontgomery@tampabay.com or (727) 893-8650. Waveney Ann Moore can be reached at wmoore@tampabay.com or (727) 892-2283.

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Posted on Thu, Oct. 11, 2012
MIAMI HERALD

Unmarked graves of notorious youth prison snag sale by Florida DJJ
By Carol Marbin Miller
cmarbin@MiamiHerald.com
 
The Dozier School for Boys in Marianna had a history rife with abuse. As recently as 2004, a boy had his head smashed on concrete by a guard. For decades in the middle of the 20th century, boys were beaten by guards with a heavy leather paddle. Former Dozier School for Boys (then called Florida School for Boys) inmate Dick Colon is shown holding a replica of the leather paddle. In 1983, the ACLU filed a class-action lawsuit claiming kids were hogtied and left in isolation for extended periods. Four years later plans were announced to overhaul the juvenile justice system, but those at Dozier at that time say those reforms never happened. The grounds of Florida’s most notorious youth prison, a century-old Panhandle reform school, are now a 220-acre money pit that costs more to maintain than the property may be worth. Youth corrections administrators had circled Oct. 15 as the date they could finally unload the place, and its many ghosts.

But the sale of the controversial Dozier School for Boys hit an unexpected snag Thursday as the brother and nephew of a 13-year-old boy who died there in 1934 filed suit in Tallahassee, asking a judge to stop the sale so that family members can find the child’s now-hidden grave.

The lawsuit is the latest chapter in a decades-long saga involving scores of now-grown men from throughout the state who say they were raped or mercilessly beaten or both at the Marianna campus. The “White House Boys” — as some of the men have dubbed themselves after the squat white-washed cottage where they were whipped sometimes 100 times or more — have spawned at least two books and a movement to extract some type of compensation from the Florida Legislature.

Glen Varnadoe is not one of the White House Boys. He says he is a 63-year-old man who just wants to return his uncle’s remains to a family graveyard in Marion County, where they belong.
“He was a 13-year-old kid, and he deserves, at some point, to be brought back home to his mother,” said Varnadoe, who lives in Lakeland. “All this case is about is bringing a 13-year-old home and burying him with the rest of the family.”

Varnadoe and his uncle, Joseph R. Varnadoe, will appear before a Leon Circuit Court judge at 3 p.m. Friday in an effort to stop the sale of the Dozier property.
Late Thursday, the Department of Juvenile Justice’s chief, Wansley Walters, said her agency will reconsider the state’s decision to close off the campus from researchers and family members seeking to locate the graves of children who died there.

“As secretary of the [DJJ], I am profoundly aware of the historical significance of the North Florida Youth Development Center [NFYDC], formerly the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys,” Walters said. “One of the decisions I am most proud of is that this administration closed NFYDC in 2011. After careful consideration, we will work with the researchers on how best to provide them access to the site.”

For several months, a team of anthropologists from the University of South Florida has been scouring the boys’ school campus in search of what they believe to be the unmarked graves of an unknown number of children who died during Dozier’s more than 100 years of operation. In July, Erin Kimmerle, an anthropology professor, asked state land managers for permission to study a portion of the school, known as the South Campus, where state juvenile justice administrators operated a corrections center until last year. The South Campus originally contained cottages, schools and other facilities used exclusively by white children; African-American youth had been housed in a separate campus nearby.
The North Campus, where black children were housed, now contains several ramshackle cottages that — though largely falling apart — were frozen in time decades ago, with furniture, books and Bibles scattered as they were the day the campus was closed. It also holds a cemetery — called Boot Hill — with about 30 graves in neat rows loosely marked by spare crosses of white-washed PVC pipe.

Researchers and others believe white children who died at Dozier were buried somewhere on the South Campus, and they cite the conventions of the South in the ’30s, ’40s, ’50s and ’60s as support for their beliefs. If the children were housed in different dormitories, ate in separate mess halls, played on segregated sports teams and studied in classrooms far apart — why would they have been buried together?

“It was the law of the land that there be separate facilities, and also the custom of the South that whites and blacks be buried separately,” said Robert S. Bolt, a Tampa lawyer who is representing the Varnadoes.
And court pleadings filed Thursday say researchers have interviewed townspeople, former inmates of the youth camp and relatives who say they either saw burial sites on the South Campus or were told about them by people who had.
Said Bolt: “There is plenty of good evidence that that’s where the white cemetery is.”

But in a letter last August, a head of the state Bureau of Public Land Administration, Victoria F. Thompson, denied Kimmerle’s request, “due to the upcoming surplus sale of this property and liability concerns.”

DJJ is spending $357,521 yearly to maintain the property, which is not expected to fetch more than that at sale.
Bids for the Dozier property, — described as “gently rolling, improved and wooded,” in a sale announcement — were to be opened next Monday. In their complaint, the Varnadoes say going forward with the sale will forever prevent them from retrieving the remains of Thomas Varnadoe, whose death certificate says he died on or about Oct. 26, 1934 of pneumonia.

Glen Varnadoe’s father, who died in 1973, was sent to Dozier, along with Thomas, when the two brothers were arrested in Hernando County on malicious trespassing charges, Glen Varnadoe said. A Dozier student newspaper reported that Thomas had been in poor health when he entered the youth prison, but family members long have disputed that claim. The “Yellow Jacket” newspaper also reported that Thomas was carried to his grave by fellow inmates who acted as pallbearers while a large contingent of staff members looked on solemnly.
Varnadoe said his father never discussed Thomas’ death, though he did insist that only he and a grave-digger attended the funeral. “At Thomas’ funeral, they dug a hole and they put him in,” he said.

If researchers can identify Thomas’ remains, Varnadoe said, he would like to place them “right beside the headstone of his mother.”
Varnadoe says he suspects some of the newer buildings on the South Campus likely were erected atop the bones of children who were unceremoniously deposited under the ground, as he says Thomas was. And he fears the boys, like his uncle Thomas, will remain there forever if DJJ is allowed to sell the site before the graves are located and preserved.

“To think he will spend an eternity buried under a parking lot somewhere is just a travesty,” Varnadoe said.

© 2012 Miami Herald Media Company. All Rights Reserved.
http://www.miamiherald.com

Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/10/11/v-print/3045869/unmarked-graves-of-notorious-youth.html#storylink=cpy

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CONTACT INFO for Media and men abused at Florida School for Boys in Marianna or Okeechobee in the 1950s or 1960s and anyone with information about this abuse, Please contact:   Jerry Cooper, President of The Official White House Boys at 239-542-3831 or 239-994-1280 *OR* email  theofficialwhitehouseboys@gmail.com
SHARE OUR WEBSITE ON FACEBOOK, TWITTER, AND MORE BY CLICKING THE ICONS BELOW...
OUR POLICY REGARDING DONATIONS:
The Official White House Boys Org
29th June 2014
 
Subject: Donations and Dues TOWHBO 
 
Members and to Whom it may concern:
 
Please find that there will be no donations accepted by The Official WHite House Boys  Org.
Except for the Fund that helps the Boys at Eckerd's Youth Alternatives.  
 
If you can help with the Eckerds Boys please contact Ms Diane Fudge or Charlie Fudge  who are  Chairpersons of Eckerds Christmas Project for  last four years. Please contact them by calling 352-382-2120 or by comment on the Guest Book www.theofficialwhitehouseboys.org
 
Regarding Membership Dues of 35.00 . If any member desires to pay and can afford it, please feel free. It is not mandatory. We are a free fellowship that works for the cause of Justice and many of our members are making it  day by day. In other words just praying to get by.
 
This is why we are fighting daily for Justice. Our men have suffered enough and as one WHB said today, they have "paid their dues". We are very grateful for the members that have paid every year.

We are also Blessed that the cost of our website is donated yearly so far and that the auction at Reunions  has made enough to help with the Widows Fund/Flowers etc.  The auction funds come from items donated by members that we offer at auction every reunion.  Our brother Don Stratton and his family work the auction each Reunion.
 
So you see everything is full circle. Just want to stay self contained and keep things easy and simple for all.
 
NO DEMANDS - NO DONATIONS - AND NO MEMBERSHIP FEE UNLESS YOU CAN AFFORD IT.
 
As of this date 29 June 2014.
 
Respectfully, 
Jerry Cooper
President /TOWHBO 
White House Boy


A childs marble, found in the pocket of a body, is seen during a news conference on Tuesday  Chris O'Meara/AP 
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MISSING? BURIED IN UNMARKED GRAVE? DIED MYSTERIOUSLY? MURDERED? LOST?
DO YOU HAVE A LOVED ONE WHO WAS BURIED OR DISAPPEARED AT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS IN MARIANNA, FLORIDA?  IF SO, PLEASE CONTACT US AT 239-542-3831 OR email to:  theofficialwhitehouseboys@gmail.com.   In addition, the researchers can use your DNA to help identify your loved ones' remains, so please follow these instructions:  (From the University of South Florida) In the effort to identify the remains of children buried at the former Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys, USF is seeking the public’s help. Do you know anyone on this list? Please contact Master Detective Greg Thomas, Hillsborough County Sheriff’s Office, 813-247-8678, with information. To see a list of families they are currently looking here,  CLICK HERE TO VIEW
VIEW ABC NEWS VIDEO ON FLORIDA'S POLITICAL CORRUPTION



IF YOU NEED YOUR RECORDS FROM YOUR STAY AT FSB OR OKEECHOBEE, FROM THE 1950s or 1960s CLICK HERE
YELLOW JACKET NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS FROM FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS IN MARIANNA, FL (aka Florida Industrial School for Boys, aka "Dozier" (Arthur G Dozier School for Boys). See the photo gallery below.  There are several pages, click the numbers below to view each page.  The photos are click to enlarge.  

NEWS FLASH! THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE PRINTED A STORY ON GLENN HESS AND THE DEPT OF CORRECTIONS COVER-UP!
Click Here to Read the Entire Story

The State Attorney’s Office has decided not to pursue criminal charges against ex-Jackson Correctional Institution warden Ted Jeter.
CLICK HERE FOR ENTIRE ARTICLE FROM JACKSON COUNTY FLORIDIAN

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Federal investigation confirms abuse at Dozier, suggests children in danger at other facilities
By Ben Montgomery, Times Staff WriterTampa Bay Times
In Print: Saturday,
December 3, 2011

The U.S. Department of Justice has blasted the state for failing to properly treat and protect children who were housed at the now-shuttered Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys, Florida's first and oldest state-run reform school that closed in June after 111 years of operation.

The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice's failure to oversee the program and prevent children from being abused and neglected suggests other programs have similar issues, according to the report by the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division, released late Friday.

"Although Dozier and JJOC (the Jackson Juvenile Offender Center on Dozier's campus) are now shuttered, these problems persist due to the weaknesses in the state's oversight system and from a correspondent lack of training and supervision," the report said. "Our findings remain relevant to the conditions of confinement for the youth confined in Florida's remaining juvenile justice facilities."

The Justice Department's investigation, announced in 2010 to then-Gov. Charlie Crist, showed "reasonable cause to believe that the state of Florida was engaged in a pattern or practice of failing to have proper measures of accountability that led to serious deficiencies."

The Justice Department alleged many instances in which the state violated the constitutional rights of the boys, ages 13 to 21, confined to Dozier, and said the state must take immediate measures to "assess the full extent of its failed oversight" to protect children at its other facilities. The state must also strengthen its oversight processes by implementing a more rigorous system of hiring, training and accountability, the report said.

DJJ spokesman C.J. Drake said Florida has already implemented a number of reforms and has seen a dramatic reduction in the use of physical techniques to control children. He also said the state has closed or substantially reduced 23 residential programs statewide since 2008 because of performance issues.

"That's because we proactively identify problems in our residential programs and take swift corrective action," Drake said. "Residential programs that cannot implement and sustain corrective actions are closed."

DJJ Secretary Wansley Walters, who took over the department in January, was not available to comment on the report, Drake said.

The Department of Justice found:

• Staff used excessive force on youths, including choking and mechanical restraints. It documented incidents caught on tape in which guards violently pushed youths to the ground, and struck and choked youths. Staff unlawfully shackled youths with mechanical restraints as a first response to youths who did not respond to verbal commands. One youth was held face-down on the floor for 48 minutes and placed in mechanical restrains for an additional three hours and 17 minutes.

• Youths were often disciplined for minor infractions through inappropriate uses of lengthy and unnecessary isolation without due process. The report documented one case in which a boy was kept in isolation — inside a small cell with a concrete-slab bed and thin mattress — for two weeks. And shortly after he was released, he was sent back to isolation.

• Staff were not appropriately trained and had a generally "laissez-faire attitude" toward suicidal youth. The report noted that average pay for direct-care staff fell below $12 an hour, well below the nationwide median hourly wage for correctional officers of $18.78.

• The safety of youths was compromised as a result of their relocation to the Jackson Juvenile Offender Center (a more restrictive and punitive facility on the Dozier campus).

• The state failed to provide necessary and appropriate rehabilitative services to address addiction, mental health or behavioral needs, which served as a barrier to the youths' ability to return to the community and not reoffend.

• Youths were subjected to unnecessary and unconstitutional frisk searches. Dozier youths were frisk searched more than 10 times per day. One told investigators, "Some staff rub on your privates." Another said staff "touch too much."

"The failure to address these concerns not only harms the youth, but has a negative impact on public confidence and public safety," the report said. "The critical role of the juvenile justice system to correct and rehabilitate is being abdicated and youth may well be leaving the system with additional physical and psychological barriers to success."

The Dozier school in Marianna, about 60 miles west of Tallahassee, has been the subject of an ongoing investigative series in the St. Petersburg Times called "For Their Own Good." The facility has been exposed a number of times for abuse and neglect. The Department of Justice's investigation confirms much of what the Times has reported.

"What the Department of Justice has done in this report is help us look back at what was and gives us a true guide for what should never, ever happen again," said child advocate Jack Levine, who exposed abuse at Dozier in the early 1980s that prompted a federal class-action lawsuit against the state.

Drake, the DJJ spokesman, said the department is working on a response to the report.

"The issues at Dozier occurred long before this administration took office and it was this administration that closed that facility," he said. "We … do not tolerate misconduct or poor performance. If we identify it we seek to correct it, and if it's not corrected it's closed."

Times staff writer Waveney Ann Moore contributed to this report. Ben Montgomery can be reached at bmontgomery@tampabay.com or (727) 893-8650.


READ THE REPORT FROM THE JUSTICE DEPT. - CLICK HERE

8-28-13 Feds to fund Tampa scientists’ exhumation work at old reform school cemetery  Sen. Nelson helped USF find more than $420,000  Click HERE to read. this and MANY other news clips.


Researchers release composite sketch of boy buried at Dozier1

Posted: Apr 15, 2014 7:09 AM EDTUpdated: Apr 15, 2014 5:09 PM EDT
TAMPA (FOX 13) -

A just-released composite is our first look at one of the boys buried at Dozier.

It was made from the remains found at an unmarked grave.

Dr. Erin Kimmerle, who heads up the USF research team, says he is an African-American child, about 10 years old.

The stories of abuse and torture at the Dozier School for Boys have been buried for decades. Those secrets are slowly emerging from the graves.

But Kimmerle says it hasn't been easy.

"When you're looking at skeletal remains from years ago, you could be next to it and miss it," Kimmerle said.

In February, investigators with USF discovered 55 bodies at Dozier -- 24 more than the official count that was documented in state records.

Researchers hope to collect DNA from relatives to match them to the bodies exhumed.

Senator Bill Nelson says the families of those who died here deserve to know what happened.

"We owe it to the families to get to the bottom of this so they can have closure on what happened to their loved ones," Nelson said.

Kimmerle says hi-tech X-ray equipment is helping them pinpoint the ages of the boys through dental analysis.

Read more: http://www.myfoxtampabay.com/story/25248833/2014/04/15/usf-researchers-to-release-new-information-on-dozier-school-for-boys#ixzz338u0Hw8T 
Follow us: @myfoxtampabay on Twitter | FOX13TampaBay on Facebook


Read more: http://www.myfoxtampabay.com/story/25248833/2014/04/15/usf-researchers-to-release-new-information-on-dozier-school-for-boys#ixzz338ssDL7f 
Follow us: @myfoxtampabay on Twitter | FOX13TampaBay on Facebook

Attorney General Pam Bondi News Release

May 24, 2013
Media Contact: Jenn Meale
Phone: (850) 245-0150

Attorney General Pam Bondi’s Statement Regarding Denial of Petition to Exhume Bodies at Dozier School for Boys
TALLAHASSEE, Fla.—Attorney General Pam Bondi released the following statement regarding the 14th Judicial Circuit Court’s denial of the Petition to Exhume Human Bodies/Remains at the Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Fla.

“I remain committed to assisting with the efforts to help resolve unanswered questions regarding deaths at the Dozier School for Boys. In light of today’s adverse ruling, we will be meeting with the interested parties and considering the next course of action to explore other avenues.”

To view the ruling, please follow this link: http://myfloridalegal.com/webfiles.nsf/WF/JMEE-97ZSCN/$file/DozierMay24.pdf


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White House Boys Family and Friends Picnic May 12, 2013.. See More PHotos HERE


May 12 2013 From 10:00 A.M. Till 5:00 P.M.

Please call Babbs 239 994-1280 and confirm you will attend for guest count please
 
And a Happy Spring to all. It is that time of the year when we all get to gather for Fellowship and cook a few Burger's and Dogs!
and come on let's Celebrate and Fellowship.

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NEWS!

REQUEST TO EXHUME BODIES! CLICK HERE
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WE HAVE SOME SERIOUS PRAYER REQUESTS PLEASE CLICK HERE
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REUNION 2011 PHOTOS ARE IN. CLICK HERE !



NEWS REGARDING CLOSING OF MARIANNA:
All concerned:
Below is a reply I received today from DJJ, reference my letter to the Governor about the extension request for FSB. Simple answer: It's closing on schedule without granting an extension!!
********  (a White House Boy) 
 
Dear Mr. and Mrs. *********:
Thank you for your email of June 14, which the Governor's Office referred to the Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) for a response.We are committed to a smooth transition for all the stakeholders served by the North Florida Youth Development Center (NFYDC). After carefully reviewing our options, we have decided to maintain the original June 30 closing date for NFYDC announced on May 26. Since then, we have transferred the youth served there to other DJJ facilities and we are working to assist the affected staff find other employment. Regarding your specific concerns about state employees to be laid off using public resources to seek other employment, we are obligated to assist them with identifying their options. Our Workforce Transition Plan requires us to meet with affected employees, distribute information and provide re-employment assistance. This includes on-site job fairs and informational sessions. I hope this information has been helpful. Thank you again for your correspondence and please let me know if I may be of further assistance.Sincerely,C. J. DrakeDirector of Communications Florida Department of Juvenile Justiceoffice: 850.921.5905cell: 850.251.0671
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UPDATE - MID-DECEMBER, 2011
JERRY COOPER DISCOVERS ANOTHER CEMETARY AT FLORIDA SCHOOL FOR BOYS
(DOZIER)  PROPERTY -- RIGHT NEAR ROOSEVELT  COTTAGE.   

IF JERRY COULD FIND IT, WHY DIDN'T THE F.D.L.E. WHEN THEY DID "THEIR" INVESTIGATION?

THE CEMETARY IS SURROUNDED BY CHAIN LINK FENCE AND IN DISREPAIR. SEE FOR YOURSELF! PHOTOS BELOW. MORE INFO WILL BE POSTED VERY SOON... KEEP WATCHING!

MANY THANKS TO JERRY COOPER FOR THIS CONTRIBUTION. HE HAS BEEN WORKING VERY HARD TO SEE THAT JUSTICE PREVAILS! THE PHOTOS CAN BE FOUND BELOW THIS ENTRY.  

(SEE ALSO 2 ST PETE TIMES ARTICLES AND ANOTHER BY A P.I. RELATING TO DEATHS/ GRAVES AT FSB/DOZIER  BY CLICKING THE BLUE UNDERLINED ITEMS  BELOW)

No surprises as FDLE identifies remains in graves at Florida School for Boys

- (May 15, 2009)

FDLE Identifies Unmarked Graves at Dozier School for Boys  (PDF) 

 Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School, questions still remain about individuals buried at the Dozier “Boot Hill” Cemetery, herein referred to as the “School Cemetery,” on the North Side or “Number 2” side and was there a second Cemetery on the South Side or “Number 1″? 

FOR MORE ON GRAVES AT DOZIER, CLICK HERE

WHITE HOUSE BOYS BRING CHRISTMAS JOY TO AT-RISK YOUTH

Per Lisa Anspacher of Eckerd: 
I wanted to send a quick thank you for everything that you did yesterday.  It was magical and we have never seen all the children so happy at one time.  All of you truly are angels in disguise.
Wednesday, December 14th, will be a day remembered by many – both the White House Boys representatives carrying gifts to the boys at Eckerd Youth Alternatives home for troubled teens and the boys who were the recipients of these gifts.

For weeks, the Christmas Committee has been hard at work gathering donations for the boys at Eckerds, and finally, with great joy, on Wednesday, we got to bring an abundance of gifts and goodies to 27 boys who reside at Eckerd Youth Alternatives outdoor residential program in Brooksville, Florida.

The day began with unloading FOUR vehicles FULL of presents, clothing, food, sports equipment and other treasures for the boys. While we were organizing the gifts, Lisa A., supervisor, called Jerry Cooper aside and asked if he would speak freely to a boy who was having trouble with authority. The boys mother was present, and told us she was at her wits end with this young man. He continued to violate the judge's orders, and had yet another appearance scheduled next week. She begged Jerry to make a difference in the young man's attitude. Jerry and the boy spoke at length, and he spoke bluntly about what it would mean for the young man to continue down the path he'd chosen. Many tears later, Lisa told us it may have been just what the boy needed.

After meeting with the staff and setting up the gifts, we met the rest of the boys for the first time in the “Chuck Wagon”, which is the cafeteria and meeting room at the camp. They filed in, a bit stand-offish, wondering who the strangers in the room were.

Next, Jerry Cooper was introduced to the boys, and as planned, he spoke to the them briefly about the horrors of the White House, and then turned his speech around 180 degrees giving them hope and encouragement for their future. He told them the military was a great “next step” for them, and how a good education is vital for their success. He talked about having goals, and how they didn't have to continue along the path they were on – the future was theirs if they changed their ways and “don't continue what you were doing before you got here”. He gave them a nice mix of advice ranging from what could happen to them if they continue their destructive behavior to all the possibilities they have if they respect authority and have goals and plans for their future and take the steps necessary to “make it happen”. The camp had invited a reporter from Hernando Today and the reporter listened intently to Jerry's chat with the boys as well. (see article at the end)

The talk wrapped up and gifts were distributed. Each boy received: 2 pairs of socks, a pack of 2 underwear (boxer briefs), a sweat shirt and sweat pants, pair of Wrangler Jeans, a jigsaw puzzle, a beanie buddie, toothbrushes, toothpaste, shampoo, Christmas Cards (one was stamped to mail to a loved one at home), a Zac Brown Hat, 10 skeins of embroidery thread and 2 packs of plastic lacing plus rings and clips for the keychains and bracelets they make from these, bag of fudge, candy and cookies, glow in the dark sticks and other glow in the dark novelties (these were a big hit, the boys used them IMMEDIATELY), and a Journal and Pen (which the boys all use).

In addition, we donated regulation size soccer goals to the camp, along with footballs, soccer balls and basketballs. We also donated lots of yarn, beads, and blank paper to the boys as well. In addition, each boy got a "gently worn" hooded sweatshirt, and we added shoes, shirts and shorts to their supply room.

Any excess presents (2 boys went home after we'd shopped) were donated to their “store” in which the boys are able to buy things with a small allowance they are given each month. The boys keep a checkbook of sorts and have to decide between their “wants” and “needs” – preparing them for budgeting their money in “real life”.

The best part of the day had to be watching the boys “ooh and aah” at the overflowing contents of their gift bags. Next, a young man in the program sheepishly came up to us and asked if we would like to join them at their lunch tables. We split up and each table was visited by a “White House Boy” and their partner and we got to know the boys and their history. Again, we encouraged them to turn from the things that put them in the program and have great goals for their life. Of note, was the relationship between the counselors and boys. It was quite obvious to us that the staff truly cares about these boys.

A tour of the camp was next, and we got to see how the boys live – they sleep in a “tent” which is a structure with a log pole at each corner, a tin roof, and a wooden surrounding that goes perhaps 3 feet off the ground. The upper part of each “wall” is open to the elements except for some netting. The boys build these structures themselves from the ground up, including finding the trees to use for the poles, and whittling them away until they are just right. It is a great exercise in math, construction and teamwork. We got to meet with the boys again, and got to know them on a more personal level. Emails and addresses were exchanged with those who asked, and these young men seemed truly appreciative that we cared about them.

In all, the day could not have gone better. Special thanks to those who made it all possible: Mike Sapp and Debbie Bergani, **** , Robert Straley, Bill Haynes, Jerry & Babbs Cooper, Peggy Marx and Carl, Chuck & Karen Fedora, Richard Davis, Dick Colon, Ben Elder, Charlie Fudge, Roy Connerly, Bill and Judy Calgun, Richard and Nancy Barton, Howard and Lynn Post, Rev Nan, and Amy Bonano. Without your help, this day would not have been possible. You all gave generously from your heart, and I can't express how much you touched the lives of these young men!

CLICK HERE for Hernando Today Article about the event.

A Photo Gallery of the Joyous Event Follows....
All photos are "click to enlarge.  Feel free to copy, share, print, etc.  Enjoy!  There are many pages.  Use the numbers below the photos to turn pages.

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