ABUSE AT THE WHITE HOUSE COVERED IN THE NEWS -- FROM 1903 - 2008
Source: St Pete Times:
Jerry Cooper received well over 100 lashes, yet they are not mentioned in the FDLE's report. Jerry Cooper, at his own expense, took a lie detector test to confirm that his allegations were true. His scars were photographed. He passed the test and challenged Troy Tidwell to take a lie detector test as well. In Tidwell's statements of the beatings he says: "I never gave more than 10-15 gentle blows and never raised the whip over my head." He refused to submit to a polygraph test. He pled the Fifth Admendent when questioned over the death of Edgar Elton
Source:The Miami News, March 6, 1958:
A study made of 250 white boys committed at one time to Marianna showed that at that point been given 691 whippings among them. Eleven year old boys received 260 or 38% of the beatings, and 17-year-old boys receive 21, or 3%. The older the boy, the fewer the beatings he received, records of the school showed at that time. End Source. RWS: Was this fear of retribution from the older boys or sadistic pleasure by the "whipmasters?"
Miami News, March 6, : . Eleven year old boys received 260 or 38% of the beatings, and 17-year-old boys receive 21, or 3%. The older the boy, the fewer the beatings he received, records of the school showed at that time. End Source. RWS: Was this fear of retribution from the older boys or sadistic pleasure by the "whipmasters?"
Source: Newspaper Archives:
Abuses are well documented all the way back to 1903. In that time in which we were there, in the 50s and 60s, there was testimony by Dr. Eugene Byrd before the U.S. Senate, Senate President Louis De La Parte' who hearing of the beatings, drove to FSB and came back to report to the local newspapers of "a blood splattered shed" which called for a state grand jury to intervene. This was squelched by Dempsey Barron, a legislative powerhouse. During a visit at FSB Judge Frank Orlando, of Fort Lauderdale stated: "When a couple of boys I sent up there came over to say hello I felt like a rat for sending them to that place."Governor Kirk: "If one of your kids were kept in such circumstances you'd be up here with rifles" Kirk said after a half day tour of the schools at Marianna and Okeechobee. "Somebody should have blown the whistle on Marianna a long time ago" Jack Levine and Claudia Wright took an unannounced trip to FSB and found boys as young as ten were being hogtied. They followed up with a class action law suite which eventually made major changes in the DJJ system.
Unimaginable Conditions ( from a court document)
On the morning of September 1, 1944, Earl Wilson, a teenage prisoner at the Florida Industrial School at Marianna, Florida, was found dead in a "confinement cottage" (a cell approximately 7 feet by 10 feet, resembling a concrete bunker), where petitioner Foxworth (then 14 years of age) and seven other teenage boys (ages 11 to 17) had been held for periods varying from a few days in the case of some of the boys to a few weeks in the case of Foxworth himself. The cell contained one set of bunk beds, an open bucket for toilet needs (emptied once daily), a bucket for drinking water, and a continuously burning light bulb.
Source: Newspaper Archives:
Roy Manella, an official of the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, said at a Tallahassee news conference that "the Marianna institution was one of the worst examples in the nation of a boys' reform school. " Newspapers called it a monstrosity, 1400 acres of hell, all in all there are 64 newspaper archive reports that have been open to the public since at least 1958 and are listed on our web site. Many back up our allegations
to the hilt. Source: http://thewhitehouseboysonline.com/ARTICLE-ARCHIVE-ON-MARIANNA.html
Source: St Pete Times:
Dr Wexler was the campus doctor. His daughter remembers helping her father, who had poor eyesight, when their family lived on campus. Sheila Wexler says she occasionally treated boys who had cuts or welts on their behind. "But if they needed a stitch, It would only be a few." End Source. RWS: Would you beat your child until they only needed to use stitches? A casual, horrific statement shows the mind set of the staff at Marianna, as openly stated by Dr. Wexler's own daughter. A statement that not only supports the victims allegations of savage beatings, but renders the mind-set of the residents of Jackson County.
: St Pete Times: when their family lived on campus. Sheila Wexler says she occasionally treated boys who had cuts or welts on their behind. "But if they needed a stitch, It would only be a few." End Source. RWS: Would you beat your child until they only needed to use stitches? A casual, horrific statement shows the mind set of the staff at Marianna, as openly stated by Dr. Wexler's own daughter. A statement that not only supports the victims allegations of savage beatings, but renders the mind-set of the residents of Jackson County.
Source: St Pete Times
Child advocate Jack Levine visited Dozier 30 years ago and found enough evidence of inhumane treatment to prompt a federal class-action lawsuit and sweeping reforms. Levine called the latest findings troubling.
"There have been cosmetic changes," he said. "While the leather strap seems to have been taken away, the threat of violence and the lack of competent supervision and safety management appear to not have been reformed to any appreciable degree."
The management at Dozier is failing miserably, he said. "There's either an ignorance of what should be done or an incompetence of how to do it correctly . . . In either case, the youth suffer needlessly."
June 1, 1903: Report from investigative committee to the Florida Senate
"We found them in irons, just as common criminals, which in the judgment of your committee, is not the meaning of a 'State Reform School,' as defined by the law creating said school, and should not be so construed by those in authority of said Reform School. We have no hesitancy in saying, under its present management it is nothing more nor less than a prison, where
juvenile prisoners are confined."
1911: Report from an investigative committee:--
The children are "at times unnecessarily and brutally punished, the instrument of punishment being a leather strap fastened to a wooden handle."
Jan. 5, 1915: Jackson County grand jury: "We find that the employees were men who were not settled in life, who have had no experience in raising boys of their own or anybody else's and who know nothing about the science of bringing up children in the way they should go. We find that the young men having direct supervision of the boys were immoral and not proper persons to lead wayward boys toward reformation."
St. Petersburg Times - Nov 24, 1982 THERE'S NO EXCUSE
It's shocking how frequently hogtying was used at Dozier. The investigation found that boys at the prison were hogtied eight times between Sept 7 and October 1 for periods ranging from 10 minutes to an hour. The cruel practice cannot be justified. Guards wouldn't be allowed to hogtie inmates in adult prisons. Why should authorities be allowed to do something that barbaric to children? State officials responsible for allowing the practice deserve more than admonishment. They should be fired.
Three State Schools Accused of Abuse in ACLU Lawsuit
Tallahassee, attorneys for youth in three juvenile institutions, including the Florida School for Boys in Okeechobee, sued the state in federal court yesterday, alleging overcrowding, beatings and other constitutional violations
In the lawsuit attorneys said staff members and Okeechobee hog-tied youngsters for up to 1 1/2 hours and left them lying on their stomachs in isolation cells.
The kids arms are shackled behind their back, their ankles are shackled behind her back, then their arms and ankles connected with leather straps or chains. At that point they are lying on their stomachs, said Claudia Wright, an attorney with the National Prison Project of the American Civil Liberties Union.
St. Petersburg Times, March 20, 1968
Deplorable, Kirk Says Reform School Blasted
Gov. Claude Kirk said yesterday boy's reform school of Marianna is in absolutely deplorable condition, and he intends to find out how many of the inmates graduate to the state prison at Raiford. If one of your kids were kept in such circumstances you'd be up there with rifles, Kirk said after a half a poor schools at Marianna and Okeechobee. Last December, Roy Manella, an official of the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, said in a Tallahassee news conference at the Marianna institution, is one of the worst examples in the nation boys reform school.
THE MIAMI NEWS FEB 26, 1969 Spare The Rod
This is a report dealing with corporal punishment at Florida's largest training school for delinquent boys at Marianna. The belt falls between eight and 100 times. After about the 10th stroke, the seams of the sturdiest blue jeans again to separate and numerous times the boy's skin is broken to the extent that stitches are required.
This report is from a former house father at Marianna, who is now personnel manager at another Florida institution. A regional supervisor state corrections services, added even more dramatic accounting:
The strap was wielded by a man who was at least six foot 3 inches tall and weighed well over 200 pounds. His swing could be likened to a strong tennis serve as with a whip like effect at the end of the downswing. The results are sickening. The child quivers and writhes in a contorted manner from the pain of a sadistic treatment. Not only repulsive but somewhat criminal in nature.
The Tampa Tribune Published: December 15, 2008
Louis de la Parte, the crusading former state senator from Tampa who recently passed away, personally saw the blood-splattered "White House" building where vicious beatings occurred.